Pain Management

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Many pet owners believe that if their pet is in pain, he/she will “vocalize” or cry out. While this may be true of some animals, many pets will vocalize only if he/she is in severe pain. Another popular belief is that their pet is not in pain, they are just “getting old”. Years of research performed on pain and pain management, including extensive studies at Purdue University and the University of Colorado have revealed many ways that our pets show signs of pain and illness, which may be sudden or a gradual decline.


Look for these signs to determine if your pet is in pain:

• Change in posture/gait (walking rigidly, limping, hunched posture, hanging head, tucked abdomen, moving awkwardly when attempting to sit or lie down, tail flicking in cats)
• Change in personality (more grouchy or clingy/cuddly than usual. Cats can also purr a lot when they are painful or stressed)
• Decreased activity/lethargy/reluctance to get up/go outside
• Guarding/protecting a specific area of their body (acting startled or jumping when you touch/pet a specific area of the body)
• Hiding/isolating themselves from family members, attempts to escape
• Decrease in appetite
• Licking/biting/hair pulling from specific are of body, especially at joints or site of previous or current injury
• Restlessness (changing position often, unable to get comfortable, weight shifting while standing or sitting, sudden tendency to sit or lie only on one side of the body, reluctant to sit/lie down, pacing)
• Inappropriate elimination (painful to go outside or posture to urinate/defecate)
• Alteration in facial expressions (glazed appearance, furrowed brow, squinted eyes), unkempt appearance/decrease in grooming habits
• Vocalization, hissing, grunting, growling, grinding teeth, trembling/shaking
• Weight loss/loss of muscle mass
• Increase or abnormality in respiration rate, body temperature and/or blood pressure

To best serve our patients and clients, we offer many different state-of-the-art and traditional modalities for pain management. We believe each and every animal deserves to live a happy, pain-free life.



Pain Management modalities offered at Charlotte Street Animal Hospital:

• Physical Rehabilitation
• Chiropractic Care
• Acupuncture
• Cryotherapy/Thermotherapy
• Massage Therapy
• Aquatic Therapy
• Laser Therapy
• Ultrasound Therapy
• Stem-Cell Therapy
• Electrical Stimulation (E-Stim and NMES)
• Targeted Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy (Assisi tPMEF loop)
• NSAID (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory) medications
• Narcotic and non-narcotic medications
• Joint/mobility preservation supplements